Ebenezer Church and neighboring house, Twin Township, Ross County, Ohio (view southeast)
This is my proposal for a granule of urbanity smaller than Hamlets - barely urban, but still more than just an isolated building or two. A "sub-hamlet" needs to have at least one non-residential building, and can have a grand total of two to six buildings.
- Ebenezer Church, Twin Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA. Just a church and a house, out on a rural road out among farmland.
- Dills, Paxton Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA. A house and a schoolhouse, on a highway where a farm lane crossed a railroad.
- Denver (Farmersville), Huntington Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA. A few houses and probably originally a railroad station.
- The Point, Highland County, Ohio, USA. A scattering of houses, possibly ineligible for Sub-Hamlet status since I'm not sure if there was a commercial building.
The Smallest Town and Most Crowded Rural Place
, Ross County, Ohio (view west-northwest)
Hamlets are the most populous / most concentrated rural place type, and the smallest urban place type: They are the transition between rural and urban. A top population suggested by Trewartha is 150.
Trewartha wrote an excellent definition of hamlets, as I had discussed, concerning the hamlet of Rome in the ASC Group report on Lawrence Route 7 (Trewartha 1943: 32-40). See the Hamlets webpage for the discussion.
- Nipgen, Twin Township, Ross County, Ohio
- Slate Mills, Ross County, Ohio - Though greater Slate Mills is growing now as an adjunct to the town of Chillicothe...
- Andersonville, Ross County, Ohio
- Greenland, Ross County, Ohio
- Thrifton, Ross County, Ohio
- Humbolt, Ross County, Ohio
- Austin, Ross County, Ohio
- Fruitdale, Ross County, Ohio
- Lyndon, Ross County, Ohio
- Vigo, Ross County, Ohio
- Lickskillet, Vinton County, Ohio
- Eagle Mills, Vinton County, Ohio
- Darbyville, Pickaway County, Ohio
- Linworth, (though largely subsumed) Franklin County (greater Columbus), Ohio
- San Margherita, (though largely subsumed) Franklin County (greater Columbus), Ohio
- Austin, Concord Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
- Spargursville, Twin Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
- Summithill, Huntington Township, Ross County, Ohio
- Pleasant Grove, Twin Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
- Knockemstiff, Huntington Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
- Alma, Franklin Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
- Three Locks (Pinhook), Franklin Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
Bourneville, view east on US 50, Ross County, Ohio
It feeels like there should be a classification between Hamlet and Village, especially within the 150-500 population gap. These urban places have the differentiated core and non-rural density of buildings, but mostly lack outer / secondary streets. Little old "Pike Towns" are often of this classification, consisting of nothing more than a short stretch of buildings along a highway.
- Hallsville, Ross County, Ohio
- South Bloomingville, Vinton County, Ohio
- Bourneville, Ross County, Ohio
- Yellowbud, Ross County, Ohio
- Kinnikinnick, Ross County, Ohio
- Londonderry, Ross County, Ohio
- Fruitdale, Ross County, Ohio
- Lattaville, Concord Township, Ross County, Ohio, USA
- Roxabell, Ross County, Ohio
- Allensville, Vinton County, Ohio
- Byer, Jackson County, Ohio
- Darbyville, Pickaway County, Ohio
Bainbridge (c1900 view of downtown), Ross County, Ohio
Bigger than Hamlet; maybe 500 population minimum and 5,000 maximum. One modern indicator may be a lack of public transit: The town is too small to prevent to average pedestrian from walking across town, and thus does not need busses.
South Salem, Ross County, Ohio
Frankfort, Ross County, Ohio
Clarksburg, Ross County, Ohio
Kingston, Ross County, Ohio
Adelphi, Ross County, Ohio
Richmond Dale, Ross County, Ohio
Massieville, Ross County, Ohio (though never incorporated and almost all residential)
Pleasant Valley, Ross County, Ohio (though never incorporated and almost all residential)
Laurelville, Hocking County, Ohio
Tarlton, Pickaway County, Ohio
Williamsport, Pickaway County, Ohio
Sugar Grove, Fairfield County, Ohio
Westfall, Pickaway County, Ohio - though now a "ghost town," with no surviving historical buildings
There seems to be a need for a smaller sized town, so I propose this. Population is between about 5,000 and 15,000.
Chillicothe (downtown), Ross County, Ohio
Though this is often a general term for urban places, not specific as to size, there is a need for its classification between Village and City. (Trewartha (1943: 32) uses the term between Village and City...) Population is between about 15,000 and 50,000.
Examples: None of these have expanded out to any towns the same size, or expanded out to even any recognizable hamlet or village since the nineteenth century. They remain the largest towns in their counties and the county seat:
Bigger than Town; population maybe from about 50,000 to 250,000.
- Ann Arbor (Washtenaw County), Michigan - population of 114,024 as of 2000 - Wikipedia entry
- Youngstown, Ohio - population of 82,026 as of 2000, though there are adjacent suburban towns - Wikipedia entry
Hamilton (Butler County), Ohio - population was about 61,000 in 2000 - Wikipedia entry
Springfield (Clark County), Ohio - population was about 65,000 in 2000; the Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 141,872 - Wikipedia entry
Columbus (downtown), Franklin County, central Ohio
A city that has expanded out to neighboring towns and absorbed them, or so dominates their character that they are considered a "greater part" of the large city. The urban area is usually only a county or two in size. Overall population may be about 250,000 to 5,000,000. Other Metropolis Cities have not expanded out to them; the metropolis remains the dominant center within its region (unlike Megalopolis Cities).
Dayton, central southwest Ohio - estimated population of 158,873 in 2005 - though that's a bit low for this classification, the Dayton metropolitan area, or Greater Dayton (which includes the communities of Vandalia, Trotwood, Kettering, Piqua, Tipp City, Centerville, Beavercreek, Fairborn, West Carrollton, Huber Heights, Troy, and Miamisburg) had a population of 843,577 as of the 2005 estimate - Wikipedia entry
Toledo, northwest Ohio - population of 313,619 in 2000; metropolitan area had a population of 653,695 - Wikipedia entry
Cleveland, northeast Ohio - population was 478,403 in 2000; the Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 2,250,871 - Wikipedia entry
Cincinnati, southwest Ohio - population of 368,868 in 2007; the Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington Combined Statistical Area has a 2006 population of 2,147,617 - Wikipedia entry
Indianapolis, central Indiana - population of 791,926 in 2000; the Combined Statistical Area (CSA) of Indianapolis had a population of about 2 million people in 2006 - Wikipedia entry
Louisville, northern Kentucky - population of 256,231; the Louisville metropolitan area (not to be confused with Louisville Metro), has a population of 1,222,216 - Wikipedia entry
- Columbus, Franklin County, central Ohio - ranked as the United States 15th largest city in 2005 with 730,657 population; the metropolitan area has a population of 1,725,570 - Wikipedia entry
- Greater Central Ohio includes most of Franklin County and edges of adjacent counties
- Columbus has already absorbed small county villages such as Franklinton, South Columbus, and Clintonville (mostly in the nineteenth century).
- It has spawned suburban cities such as Grandview, Upper Arlington, Bexley, and Whitehall in the first half of the twentieth century.
- It has expanded to and around and dominates other former villages such as Hilliard, Dublin, Worthington, Westerville, Gahana, Reynoldsburg, Obetz, and Grove City in the latter half of the twentieth century.
- It has not touched the neghboring county seats of Delaware, Lancaster, or Circleville, but it strongly influences them, and some arterial exurban development almost connects them.
Megalopolis (Megacity, Megapolis)
Manhattan Island, New York City, New York state, USA - as viewed from the Rockefeller complex (image borrowed from Wikipedia)
A city that has expanded out to nearby large cities - metropolises - creating an urban region that spans counties (Cooper-Hewett Museum 1982; Wikipedia entry; About.com entry).
- New York
- "With over 8.2 million residents within an area of 322 square miles (830 km), New York City has the highest population density of major cities in the United States. The New York metropolitan area, with a population of 18.8 million, ranks among the largest urban areas in the world." (Wikipedia entry)
- Washington, D.C. area
- Los Angeles)